Fluorinated gases have a high global warming effect if released into the atmosphere.
The principal objective of the EC Regulation is to contain, prevent and thereby reduce emissions of F gases covered by the Kyoto Protocol, so as to help combat climate change.
There are obligations in the F-Gas Regulation (EC Regulation 517/2014) and the Ozone Regulation (EC Regulation 1005/2009) that affect many industry sectors. In some cases the obligations lie with the owner / operator of the equipment. In other situations the obligations lie with third parties, such as equipment suppliers, maintenance contractors and waste handling companies.
The following is a summary of uses and sectors affected. More details of the various obligations and a full listing of affected sectors can be found in a series of Sector Information Sheets available on the F- Gas Support website.
Stationary Refrigeration and Air-conditioning - Users of these systems have numerous obligations to prevent leakage of F-Gas refrigerants, especially for any equipment containing 3 kg or more of refrigerant. RAC systems using hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC) refrigerants such as R22 need to address a ban on the use of this refrigerant which comes into force in 2010 for virgin refrigerant and in 2015 for recycled fluid.
There are also many obligations that apply to RAC system suppliers and maintenance contractors, especially related to the use of appropriately qualified personnel and certification of companies.
Fire Protection - users of fire protection systems have many similar obligations related to leakage prevention and use of qualified personnel.
Mobile Air-Conditioning, Solvent Cleaning & Switchgear containing sulphur hexafluoride the obligations for these sectors are more limited in scope mainly relating to proper recovery of gas during maintenance and at end of life.
Bans - A number of sectors are affected by bans on F-Gas usage, these include novelty aerosols, one component foam, magnesium die casting and non-refillable containers.
Other sectors - Some sectors such as electronics manufacture, foam blowing and aluminium smelting have no specific obligations under the Regulations, but all users should be aware that emissions of F gases are very harmful to the environment and should be making all practical and economically feasible efforts to reduce emissions.